propostepngProposals and Manifestos


An index of the principal proposals held around the world of institutional reform aimed at realizing a randomly selected House in the Parliament

  • Citizens’ House in Parliament (United Kingdom gbpng ): proposal for replacing the House of Lords with a House composed by 600 randomly selected citizens, which would take the name of “House of Peers”– Authors: Barnett and Carty 1998, Sortition Foundation
  • House of Commons made up by randomly selected citizens (United Kingdom gbpng ): proposal for replacing the House of Commons with a House composed by randomly selected citizens – Author: Sutherland 2008
  • Representative House (USA uspng ): proposal for replacing the House of Representatives with a House composed by 435 randomly selected citizens, which would take the name of “Representative House” – Authors: Callenbach e Philips 1985
  • Third Assembly (France frpng ): proposal for realizing a third Assembly in French Parliament composed by randomly selected citizens – Author: Sintomer 2011
  • House of randomly selected citizens (European Union EUjpg ): proposal for creating a second House in the European Parliament, mad up by 200 randomly selected citizens – Author: Buchstein 2009
  • A Citizens’ Assembly for the Scottish Parliament (Scotland, United Kingdom 800px-Flag_of_Scotlandsvgpng ): proposal for realizing a second House in the Scotland national Parliament, composed by randomly selected citizens – Sortition Foundation, NewDemocracy Foundation, Common Weal Scotland